EEI > Issues & Policy
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LIHEAP Funding
Key Facts
<$20,000
annual income

The majority of households helped by LIHEAP have an annual income below $20,000.​

4 out of 5
families

eligible for LIHEAP aid did not receive it in 2018.

9 out of 10
households

helped by LIHEAP are home to a child under 18, an elderly resident, a veteran, or someone with a disability.​

Who Benefits from LIHEAP?
  • ​LIHEAP recipients are among America’s most vulnerable citizens: More than 90 percent of households receiving LIHEAP include at least one person with a disability, a child under 18, a veteran, or a senior citizen.
  • 36 percent of households receiving LIHEAP assistance include a child under 18, 46 percent include an elderly resident, and more than 50 percent include a person with a disability.
  • In 2019, approximately 35 million households across the nation were eligible for LIHEAP assistance. Yet, inadequate funding for the program meant that only 6.8 million received basic help to pay their energy bills.
  • To be eligible for LIHEAP assistance, a family may only earn up to 150 percent of the federal poverty level—about $32,000 annually for a family of three—or 60 percent of the state’s median income level.
How LIHEAP Works
  • LIHEAP is an essential, widely supported federal program that delivers critical short-term aid to some of our nation’s most vulnerable citizens.
  • Unlike some federal assistance programs that see their funding increase with need, like Social Security or food stamps, LIHEAP funding must be appropriated annually by Congress.
  • LIHEAP distributes funding to states, territories, and tribal governments, which in turn use the funds to help low-income households in their jurisdictions with home heating and cooling costs. LIHEAP funds also are used for emergency situations and for weatherization services.
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