EEI > Issues & Policy > Electric Transportation > Passenger Cars
Passenger Cars

​Electricity is changing the way we drive – for the better. Choosing an electric car allows you to “refuel” your car by plugging it into the grid. It’s a seemingly small difference from today’s cars, but it has a big impact.

As a matter of convenience, electric cars can charge up while parked – usually at home, but increasingly at a workplace or even while shopping – which cuts out on trips to the gas station. Many electric car drivers report having a better driving experience: the vehicles are quiet and smooth and, thanks to the high-torque of electric motors, a lot of fun to drive too.

Perhaps most importantly, driving on electric power saves money on fuel. Combining the high efficiency of electric vehicles with the relatively low cost of electricity means that driving on electricity is typically three or more times cheaper than driving on gasoline. For all of these reasons, more and more drivers are choosing electric cars.

The term “electric car” generally refers to two types of vehicles: 

  • Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs): powered by both electricity and gasoline, PHEVs combine the benefits of electric drive with the ability to do long trips when needed
  • Battery electric vehicles (BEVs): powered only by electricity, BEVs are capable of meeting the needs of most daily driving habits

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