EEI > Issues & Policy > Electric Transportation
Electric Transportation
Key Facts
Nearly $3 billion
For EV Programs, Projects
Electric companies are investing nearly $3 billion to deploy charging infrastructure and accelerate electric transportation.​
Less than 1/2
Fuel Cost

EV drivers spend the equivalent of about $1.20 per gallon, based on average residential electric rates.

18.7 Million
EVs On The Road by 2030

EV sales are forecasted to surpass 3.5 million per year by 2030.

EV Trends and Key Issues

  • ​​As of 2020, electric power industry CO2 emissions are 40% below 2005 levels.
  • Carbon dioxide emissions for the electric power sector are now 15% below transportation sector emissions.
  • Driving on electricity eliminates tailpipe emissions and benefits from an increasingly clean energy grid.​
  • Today there more than 1.7 million electric vehicles were on U.S. roads.
  • Around 50 EV models are available today and nearly 130 models are expected by 2023.
  • EV share of new car sales has remained stable through 2019 and the first half of 2020 at around 2%.​

Leading by Example on Electric Transportation
Across the country, EEI member companies are partnering with communities and stakeholders to support the growth of EVs, while also continuing to build EV charging infrastructure and electrifying their own fleets. To learn more, click on the map to see how electric companies are leading efforts to electrify America's transportation sector.

Company Highlights
  • Avista Utilities- Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment Pilot Program
    In Washington, Avista Utilities has completed the installation phase of its Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment Pilot Program in which it has installed 418 AC Level 2 ports at various residential, commercial, and public locations, and seven DC Fast Charging (DCFC) sites. Avista owns and maintains all charging stations, which are located behind the customer’s meter. In the case of the DCFC sites, Avista owns the infrastructure from the transformer to the charging station. Residential customers were provided a premise wiring reimbursement of up to $1,000 per port connection, and commercial customers received up to $2,000 per port connection. In exchange, the customer allows for data collection and load management by Avista. For public DCFC stations, users are charged $0.35/kilowatt-hour (kWh). Learn More​.​
  • SDG&E Adds More Truck, Bus Charging

    ​​San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E) has received approval for a major program that will help to electrify large vehicles and industrial equipment by installing charging infrastructure for a minimum of 3,000 plug-in medium- and heavy-duty electric vehicles and equipment, including transit buses, school buses, delivery trucks, and forklifts. This initiative also will support the electrification of refrigerated semi-truck trailers, used for transporting perishable goods. SDG&E notes that, in California, heavy-duty vehicles produce more particulate matter than all of the state’s power plants combined.​​ Learn More.​

  • Hawaiian Electric – DC Fast Charging

    Hawaiian Electric Company President and CEO Alan Oshima stands beside his own plug-in Ford Fusion at one of a dozen DC fast charging stations that the Hawaiian Electric Companies own and operate across their service territory on Oahu, Maui, and Hawaii Island. The company recently changed its pricing strategy from a flat rate to a time-varying rate to encourage drivers to charge midday when excess solar power is available. 

    Learn More.

  • Electric Companies Support EV Ride-Sharing

    Electric companies are partnering with TNCs like Uber and Lyft to support EV driving for ride-sharing. Portland General Electric, Duquesne Light Company, and Rocky Mountain Power are among the companies to announce collaborations focused on educating TNC drivers about the benefits of EVs and facilitating charging infrastructure to ensure that more of the miles driven are electric. For example, Rocky Mountain Power (pictured), is helping to facilitate the build-out of public DC fast charging stations by leveraging a U.S. Department of Energy grant. Learn More​.

  • Green Mountain Power - In-home Level 2 EV Charger

    Green Mountain Power (GMP) offers a free Level 2 charger for customers buying a new EV. Customers who already have an EV can get a charger for $9.99 per month on their energy bill. These chargers are integrated with GMP’s energy management platform and are dispatched during peak demand times to drive down costs for all customers. Customers who get a charger also can choose a flat rate for all their home charging, too. The “$29.99 EV Unlimited Plan” is a monthly fee that covers all the EV charging customers want, as long as it’s not during a GMP-scheduled peak event. The smart chargers can charge an EV fully in just a few hours and are Wi-Fi connected to allow GMP to manage the charging during these peak events. Learn More​.

Members-Only Resources
December 2019
EV Hub Annual Update 2019
December 2019
Improving the Customer EV Experience: Managed Charging Strategies
Summer 2019
EV Hub Update Summer 2019
July 2019
Improving the Customer EV Experience: Education & Outreach Issue Brief
June 2019
EV Hub Update June 2019
February 2019
EV Hub Update February 2019
Electric Lift Truck Educational Tool
EV Hub Registration for EEI Members
Fleet Asset Cost Model
Additional Resources
February 2021
Electric Transportation Biannual State Regulatory Update
Electric Perspectives, January/February 2021
America’s Transportation Future Is Electric
October 2019
Electric Service Evaluation Template for Electric Fleets
August 2019
Interoperability of Public Electric Vehicles Charging Infrastructure
January 2019
Brattle: Increasing Electric Vehicle Fast Charging Deployment
November 2018
EEI and IEI: Electric Vehicle Sales Forecast and the Charging Infrastructure Required Through 2030
February 2018
Accelerating Electric Vehicle Adoption
March 2021
ADECA, Alabama Power to Help Spur EV Growth
January 2021
PGE Partners with DTNA for Electric Island Project
December 2019
Preparing to Plug In Your Bus Fleet
October 2019
Preparing To Plug In Your Fleet