EEI > Issues & Policy > Electric Transportation
Electric Transportation
Key Facts
More than 50%

Driving on electricity emits 54% fewer carbon dioxide emissions per mile than the average new gasoline car.

Less than 1/2
Fuel Cost

EV drivers spend the equivalent of about $1.20 per gallon, based on average residential electric rates.

18.7 Million
EVs On The Road by 2030

EV sales are forecasted to surpass 3.5 million per year by 2030.

EV Trends & Key Issues
  • Carbon dioxide emissions from electricity generation were 27% below 2005 levels at the end of 2018.
  • Carbon dioxide emissions for the electric power sector are now 8% below transportation sector emissions.
  • Driving on electricity emits 54% fewer carbon dioxide emissions per mile than the average new gasoline car, based on U.S. EPA national electricity generation data.


September 2019 Key Trends

June 2019 Key Trends

March 2019 Key Trends​

EV Sales in the United States
  • As of December 31, 2019, nearly 1.5 million electric vehicles were on U.S. roads.
  • In Q4 2019, more than 93,000 EVs were sold. This represents a 26% decrease in sales compared to Q4 2018.
  • EV share of new car sales grew to 5.1% in December 2019, a high for the year.


October 2019 EV Sales: Facts & Figures​​

April 2019 EV Sales: Facts & Figures​

Octobe​r 2018 EV Sales: Facts & Figures​

Company Highlights
  • Avista Utilities- Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment Pilot Program
    In Washington, Avista Utilities has completed the installation phase of its Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment Pilot Program in which it has installed 418 AC Level 2 ports at various residential, commercial, and public locations, and seven DC Fast Charging (DCFC) sites. Avista owns and maintains all charging stations, which are located behind the customer’s meter. In the case of the DCFC sites, Avista owns the infrastructure from the transformer to the charging station. Residential customers were provided a premise wiring reimbursement of up to $1,000 per port connection, and commercial customers received up to $2,000 per port connection. In exchange, the customer allows for data collection and load management by Avista. For public DCFC stations, users are charged $0.35/kilowatt-hour (kWh). Learn More.​
  • SDG&E Adds More Truck, Bus Charging

    ​​San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E) has received approval for a major program that will help to electrify large vehicles and industrial equipment by installing charging infrastructure for a minimum of 3,000 plug-in medium- and heavy-duty electric vehicles and equipment, including transit buses, school buses, delivery trucks, and forklifts. This initiative also will support the electrification of refrigerated semi-truck trailers, used for transporting perishable goods. SDG&E notes that, in California, heavy-duty vehicles produce more particulate matter than all of the state’s power plants combined.​​ Learn More.​

  • Hawaiian Electric – DC Fast Charging

    Hawaiian Electric Company President and CEO Alan Oshima stands beside his own plug-in Ford Fusion at one of a dozen DC fast charging stations that the Hawaiian Electric Companies own and operate across their service territory on Oahu, Maui, and Hawaii Island. The company recently changed its pricing strategy from a flat rate to a time-varying rate to encourage drivers to charge midday when excess solar power is available. Learn More.

  • Electric Companies Support EV Ride-Sharing

    Electric companies are partnering with TNCs like Uber and Lyft to support EV driving for ride-sharing. Portland General Electric, Duquesne Light Company, and Rocky Mountain Power are among the companies to announce collaborations focused on educating TNC drivers about the benefits of EVs and facilitating charging infrastructure to ensure that more of the miles driven are electric. For example, Rocky Mountain Power (pictured), is helping to facilitate the build-out of public DC fast charging stations by leveraging a U.S. Department of Energy grant. Learn More.

  • Green Mountain Power - In-home Level 2 EV Charger

    Green Mountain Power (GMP) offers a free Level 2 charger for customers buying a new EV. Customers who already have an EV can get a charger for $9.99 per month on their energy bill. These chargers are integrated with GMP’s energy management platform and are dispatched during peak demand times to drive down costs for all customers. Customers who get a charger also can choose a flat rate for all their home charging, too. The “$29.99 EV Unlimited Plan” is a monthly fee that covers all the EV charging customers want, as long as it’s not during a GMP-scheduled peak event. The smart chargers can charge an EV fully in just a few hours and are Wi-Fi connected to allow GMP to manage the charging during these peak events. Learn More.

Members-Only Resources
December 2019
EV Hub Annual Update 2019
December 2019
Improving the Customer EV Experience: Managed Charging Strategies
Summer 2019
EV Hub Update Summer 2019
July 2019
Improving the Customer EV Experience: Education & Outreach Issue Brief
June 2019
EV Hub Update June 2019
February 2019
EV Hub Update February 2019
December 2018
EV Hub Annual Update
November 2018
EV Hub Quarterly Update
October 2018
Electric Transportation State Regulatory Overview and Framework
July 2018
EV Hub Quarterly Update
May 2018
EV Hub Quarterly Update
March 2018
EV Infrastructure Filings: Current Issues, Arguments, and Outcomes
February 2018
Insights from Electric Company Filings Related to Transportation Electrification
Electric Lift Truck Educational Tool
EV Hub Registration for EEI Members
Fleet Asset Cost Model
Additional Resources
June 2020
Electric Transportation Biannual State Regulatory Update
October 2019
Electric Service Evaluation Template for Electric Fleets
August 2019
Interoperability of Public Electric Vehicles Charging Infrastructure
Electric Perspectives, July/August 2019
Fleet Electrification Moves Forward in California
Electric Perspectives, May/June 2019
Working with Regulators and Consumer Advocates to Smooth the Road for EVs
Electric Perspectives, January/February 2019
Consolidated Edison Partners on Electric School Buses
Electric Perspectives, January/February 2019
L.L. Bean Builds Maine’s Largest EV Charging Station
Electric Perspectives, January/February 2019
Celebrating 1 Million EVs on U.S. Roads
January 2019
Brattle: Increasing Electric Vehicle Fast Charging Deployment
June 2020
FirstEnergy Foundation Donates Electric Motorcycles
February 2020
Dominion Energy to Deploy Electric School Buses
January 2020
​SCE Adds Electric Forklift to Its Expanding EV Fleet
Preparing to Plug In Your Bus Fleet
Preparing To Plug In Your Fleet
Accelerating Electric Vehicle Adoption
EEI and IEI: Electric Vehicle Sales Forecast and the Charging Infrastructure Required Through 2030